Tuesday, November 30, 2010

al-Hikma - The Wisdom


What is your religion?




Which sect are you?




Do you uphold the ahadith?


The Qur’an is the only obligatory hadith although the rest are a historical reference. It is impossible to accept them as a source of religious law without upholding Bukhari as a messenger of God. The Qur’an says that is complete and fully explained (4:13, 6:114, 7:52, 15:1, 16:89, 24:34, 26:2, 36:69, 39:27 and in countless other places). The Prophet’s duty was to deliver the Qur’an (46:9) and no Prophet was to be obeyed except by Allah’s permission (4:64). To obey the Messenger within his duty was to obey Allah (4:80).

Any hadith that contradicts or embellishes the Qur'an in any way is unacceptable. The rest are literally hearsay and may or may not be beneficial provided that they are not declared as religious law.


Does it not say to let Muhammad judge disputes and that the Wisdom (al-Hikma) was sent down with the Qur’an?


In ayah 39 surah 17 al-Hikma is identified as the Qur’an:

“This is of what your Lord has revealed to you of wisdom, and do not associate any other god with Allah lest you should be thrown into hell, blamed, cast away.”

(Thalika mimma awha ilayka rabbuka mina alhikmati wala tajAAal maAAa Allahi ilahan akhara fatulqa fee jahannama malooman madhooran)

The teaching of the Book and the Wisdom is incorporated in the reciting of the Qur’an (i.e. the Messenger’s duty):

“Allah did confer a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a messenger from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture and Wisdom, while, before that, they had been in manifest error.”

Qur’an 3:164

Furthermore, it is Allah (swt) who bestows wisdom (not the Prophet):

“He grants wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good and none but men of understanding mind.”

(Yu/tee alhikmata man yashao waman yu/ta alhikmata faqad ootiya khayran katheeran wama yaththakkaru illa oloo al-albabi)

Qur’an 2:269

“And when you divorce women and they reach their prescribed time, then either retain them in good fellowship or set them free with liberality, and do not retain them for injury, so that you exceed the limits, and whoever does this, he indeed is unjust to his own soul; and do not take Allah's communications for a mockery, and remember the favor of Allah upon you, and that which He has revealed to you of the Book and the Wisdom, admonishing you thereby; and be careful (of your duty to) Allah, and know that Allah is the Knower of all things.”

Qur’an 2:231

Another example of the Qur'an referring to "the Book" and something which the Book brings:

“Certainly We sent Our messengers with clear arguments, and sent down with them the Book and the balance that men may conduct themselves with equity; and We have made the iron, wherein is great violence and advantages to men, and that Allah may know who helps Him and His messengers in the secret; surely Allah is Strong, Mighty.”

33:34 finishes the argument (instructing the wives):

“And keep to mind what is recited in your houses of the communications of Allah and the wisdom; surely Allah is Knower of subtleties, Aware.”

The ahadith are not recited.
No other hadith is needed. Regarding Muhammad as judge, he was at that time the appointed leader of Islam (similar to those “in authority” (-9)) and he followed only the Qur’an:

“Surely We have revealed the Book to you with the truth that you may judge between people by means of that which Allah has taught you; and be not an advocate on behalf of the treacherous.”

Qur’an 4:105

Mention is never made of a Revelation additional to the Qur’an.


“I swear by the Book that makes manifest (the truth). Surely We revealed it on a blessed night; surely We are ever warning - Therein every wise affair is made distinct.”

Qur’an 44:2-4

“Alif Lam Ra. These are the verses of the wise Book.”

Qur’an 10:1

“These are verse of the Wise Book.”

Qur’an 31:2

Khuda hafiz

Salaat in the Qur'an


“O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash [yourselves] and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.”

Qur’an 5:6


“Surely I am your Lord, therefore put off your shoes; surely you are in the sacred valley, Tuwa.”

Qur’an 20:12


“Indeed We see the turning of your face to heaven, so We shall surely turn you to a qiblah which you shall like; turn then your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, turn your face towards it, and those who have been given the Book most surely know that it is the truth from their Lord; and Allah is not at all heedless of what they do.”

Qur’an 2:144

“And from whatsoever place you come forth, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and surely it is the very truth from your Lord, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.”

Qur’an 2:149


All positions of Salat are found in the Qur’an:

Standing position:

“Then the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary: That Allah gives you the good news of Yahya verifying a Word from Allah, and honourable and chaste and a prophet from among the good ones.”


“What! he who is obedient during hours of the night, prostrating himself and standing, takes care of the hereafter and hopes for the mercy of his Lord! Say: Are those who know and those who do not know alike? Only the men of understanding are mindful.”

Qur’an 39:9

Bowing and prostration positions:

“And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and bow down with those who bow down.”

Qur’an 2:43

“O Marium! keep to obedience to your Lord and humble yourself, and bow down with those who bow.”

Qur’an 3:43

“They who turn (to Allah), who serve (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and who keep the limits of Allah; and give good news to the believers.”

Qur’an 9:112

The order is indicated:

“And when We assigned to Ibrahim the place of the House, saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand (to pray) and bow (ruku) and prostrate themselves.”

Qur’an 22:26

We know that the above refers to prayer since the “alternative” salaat is presented here:

“And their prayer before the House is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands; taste then the chastisement, for you disbelieved.”

Qur’an 8:35

The placement of the hands on the knees whilst bowing is natural if one bows low enough. One should prostrate with the forehead touching the ground:

“…you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration.”

Qur’an 48:29


There must be at least two prostrations as implied in 4:102:

“And when you are among them and keep up the prayer for them, let a party of them stand up with you, and let them take their arms; then when they have prostrated themselves let them go to your rear, and let another party who have not prayed come forward and pray with you.”

It is known from the Qur’an 4:101 that prayer can be shortened in the case of an enemy being nearby and hence the shortest prayer includes one prostration.

Some will say that the shortening involves length and not the rak’at number. However this is vague and not in keeping with the Qur’an:

“Surely your Lord knows that you stand nearly two-thirds of the night, and (sometimes) half of it, and (sometimes) a third of it, and (also) a party of those with you; and Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are not able to do it, so He has turned to you (mercifully), therefore read what is easy of the Quran.”


There is no specific length for one unit (contrary to tradition) and therefore the shortening of salaat refers to units. See this ayah:

“Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (For the right): They rehearse the Signs of Allah all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration.”

Qur’an 3:113


“And recite what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord, there is none who can alter His words; and you shall not find any refuge besides Him.”

Qur’an 18:27

“Recite that which has been revealed to you of the Book and keep up prayer; surely prayer keeps (one) away from indecency and evil, and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest, and Allah knows what you do.”

Qur’an 29:45

“Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (For the right): They rehearse the Signs of Allah all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration.”

Qur’an 3:113


“Say: Call upon Allah or call upon, the Beneficent Allah; whichever you call upon, He has the best names; and do not utter your prayer with a very raised voice nor be silent with regard to it, and seek a way between these.”

Qur’an 17:110


“So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaitan.”

Qur’an 16:98

(Personally I recite Sura 114, An-Nas).


“And certainly We have given you seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the grand Quran.”

Qur’an 15:87

Recite as many ayat as is easy (73:20).



“And say: (All) praise is due to Allah, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace; and proclaim His greatness magnifying (Him).”

Qur’an 17:111

(Note “proclaim His greatness” implies reciting “Allahu Akbar”. At this stage I recite Sura 112 al-Ikhlas rather than 17:111).

“Therefore glorify the name of your Lord, the Great.”

Qur’an 56:96

Changing position, I recite “God is great”.


(There are two prostrations per unit)

First prostration:

“Say: Believe in it or believe not; surely those who are given the knowledge before it fall down on their faces, making obeisance when it is recited to them.”

Qur’an 17:107

“Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High.”

Qur’an 87:1

At this stage I recite: “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace.”

Second prostration:

“And they say: Glory be to our Lord! most surely the promise of our Lord was to be fulfilled. And they fall down on their faces weeping, and it adds to their humility.”

Qur’an 17:108-109

I declare: “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High, Whose promise will surely be fulfilled.”

“And glorify Him in the night and after prostrations.”

Qur’an 50:40

Kneeling, I declare “God is great”.

The Shahada should be recited before or after (for me it is after) prostrations:

“And return to your Lord time after time and submit to Him before there comes to you the punishment, then you shall not be helped.”

Qur’an 39:54

The Shahada is:

“I bear witness that there is no god but God, and I submit to the Lord of the Universe.”

This comes from:

“Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.”

Qur’an 3:18

“But if they dispute with you, say: I have submitted myself entirely to Allah and (so) every one who follows me; and say to those who have been given the Book and the unlearned people: Do you submit yourselves? So if they submit then indeed they follow the right way; and if they turn back, then upon you is only the delivery of the message and Allah sees the servants.”

Qur’an 3:20

“Say: I am forbidden to serve those whom you call upon besides Allah when clear arguments have come to me from my Lord, and I am commanded that I should submit to the Lord of the worlds.”

Qur’an 40:66

To simply declare “There is no god but God” is incomplete since even Iblis acknowledges this.

This completes one unit.


Do you pray according to Muhammad (SAW)?


Why do you accept as gospel a prayer that contradicts the Qur'an in several places by mentioning Muhammad (SAW) and being recited silently and ritualistically?

"Say: Call upon Allah or call upon, the Beneficent Allah; whichever you call upon, He has the best names; and do not utter your prayer with a very raised voice nor be silent with regard to it, and seek a way between these."

Qur'an 17:110

"And say: (All) praise is due to Allah, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace; and proclaim His greatness magnifying (Him)."

Qur'an 17:111

Prayer is not a ritual; it is a remembrance.

You say: "Peace be upon the Prophet...etc."

The Qur'an says:

"Say. Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the worlds;"

Qur'an 6:162

"Surely I am Allah, there is no god but I, therefore serve Me and keep up prayer for My remembrance."

Qur'an 20:14

Why do you claim that the prayer of today comes from a reliable source? It is stitched together:


Do you uphold scholars as equal to Allah (SWT)? Do you claim that there is only one valid way to pray?

Peace and thankyou for reading.

Khuda hafiz

Ayat on the Adequacy of the Qur'an (and the Doubtfulness of Ahadith)

"And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! surely my people have treated this Quran as a forsaken thing."

Qur'an 25:30

"This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion."

Qur'an 5:3

"These are the communications of Allah which We recite to you with truth; then in what hadith would they believe after Allah and His communications?"

Qur'an 45:6

"Surely on Us (devolves) the collecting of it and the reciting of it. Therefore when We have recited it, follow its recitation. Again on Us (devolves) the explaining of it."

Qur'an 75-17-19

"Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah? And He it is Who has revealed to you the Book (which is) made plain; and those whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed by your Lord with truth, therefore you should not be of the disputers."

Qur'an 6:114

"What has happened to you? How do you judge? Or have you a book wherein you read, that you have surely therein what you choose?"

Qur'an 68:36-7

"And follow the BEST that has been revealed to you from your Lord before there comes to you the punishment all of a sudden while you do not even perceive..."

Qur'an 39:55

"Allah has revealed the BEST announcement, a book conformable in its various parts, repeating, whereat do shudder the skins of those who fear their Lord, then their skins and their hearts become pliant to the remembrance of Allah; this is Allah's guidance, He guides with it whom He pleases; and (as for) him whom Allah makes err, there is no guide for him."

Qur'an 39:23

"(Such has been) the course of Allah with respect to those who have gone before; and you shall not find any change in the course of Allah."

Qur'an 33:62

"It is a revelation from the Lord of the worlds. And if he had fabricated against Us some of the sayings, We would certainly have seized him by the right hand..."

Qur'an 69:43-37

"Then, it may be that you will give up part of what is revealed to you and your breast will become straitened by it because they say: Why has not a treasure been sent down upon him or an angel come with him? You are only a warner; and Allah is custodian over all things."

Qur'an 11:12

"Therefore do remind, for you are only a reminder."

Qur'an 88:21

"I swear by the star when it goes down. Your companion does not err, nor does he go astray; nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed..."

Qur'an 53:1-4*

(*Concerning the meaning of these verses, if they implied that Muhammad (SAW) was perfect in every respect (i.e. he did not err beyond his recitation of the Qur'an), then we may offer this verse to suggest otherwise:

"O Prophet! why do you forbid that which Allah has made lawful for you; you seek to please your wives; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful."

Qur'an 66:1)

"And thus have We revealed to you an Arabic Quran, that you may warn the mother city and those around it..."

Qur'an 42:7

"But if they dispute with you, say: I have submitted myself entirely to Allah and (so) every one who follows me; and say to those who have been given the Book and the unlearned people: Do you submit yourselves? So if they submit then indeed they follow the right way; and if they turn back, then upon you is only the delivery of the message and Allah sees the servants."

Qur'an 3:20

"And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or (he who) gives the lie to His communications; surely the unjust will not be successful."

Qur’an 6:21

"O you who believe! if an evil-doer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it, lest you harm a people in ignorance, then be sorry for what you have done."

Qur’an 49:6

"And follow not that of which you have not the knowledge; surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, all of these, shall be questioned about that."

Qur’an 17:36

"And if you obey most of those in the earth, they will lead you astray from Allah's way; they follow but conjecture and they only lie."

Qur’an 6:116

"Now, surely, whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah's; and they do not (really) follow any associates, who call on others besides Allah; they do not follow (anything) but conjectures, and they only lie."

Qur’an 10:66

"Those who listen to the word, then follow the BEST of it; those are they whom Allah has guided, and those it is who are the men of understanding."

Qur’an 39:18

"The Beneficent Allah taught the Quran. He created man, and taught him logic (and intelligence)."

Qur’an 55:4

"Surely We have revealed the Reminder and We will most surely be its guardian."

Qur’an 15:9

"And they shall not bring to you any argument, but We have brought to you (one) with truth and BEST in significance."

Qur’an 25:33

"Is it not enough for them that We have revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Most surely there is mercy in this and a reminder for a people who believe."

Qur’an 29:51

"He (Moses) said: Our Lord is He Who gave to everything its creation, then guided it (to its goal). He (Pharaoh) said: Then what is the state of the former generations? He (Moses) said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a Book, my Lord errs not, nor does He forget."

Qur’an 20:50-52


Muhammad (SAW) was instructed to follow the religion of Abraham (22:78). We are instructed to follow Muhammad (SAW) (3:31) and hence we must follow the religion of Abraham.

What is the only 100% authentic Sunnah of the religion of Abraham? The Qur’an. There is no deeper obligation and guide than this, and saying otherwise has had countless visible implications.

"And strive hard in (the way of) Allah, (such) a striving is due to Him; He has chosen you and has not laid upon you hardship in religion, the faith of your father Ibrahim; He named you Muslims before and in this, that the Messenger may be a bearer of WITNESS to you, and you may be bearers of witness to the people; therefore keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and hold fast by Allah; He is your Guardian; how excellent the Guardian and how excellent the Helper!"

Qur’an 22:78


“A Pakistani court decision made by the judge Justice Muhammad Shafi subordinated the hadith compared to The Quran. He stated that “When The Quran demands obedience to the Prophet all it means is that one should be honest, steadfast, earnest, religious and pious as he was. And not that we should think and act as exactly as he did, because this is unnatural and humanly impossible and if we attempted to do that, life will become absolutely difficult.””

(p. 135, “Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought”)

Qur'anic Morality: A Closer Look

Allah (swt) loves mutual kindness between all people:

“Allah does not forbid you respecting those who have not made war against you on account of (your) religion, and have not driven you forth from your homes, that you show them kindness and deal with them justly; surely Allah loves the doers of justice.”

Qur’an 60:8

Is it justified for Muslims to feel anything other than kindness to those who do not attack Islam?

Allah (swt) encourages us to reflect and to use our brains:

“Say: Travel in the earth and see how He makes the first creation, then Allah creates the latter creation; surely Allah has power over all things.”

Qur’an 29:20

Allah (swt) discourages blind belief:

“And they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian. These are their vain desires. Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful (i.e. don't make such claims - see 4:94).”

Qur’an 2:111

“Or, have they taken gods besides Him? Say: Bring your proof; this is the reminder of those with me and the reminder of those before me. Nay! most of them do not know the truth, so they turn aside.”

Qur’an 21:24

Allah (swt) forbids unprovoked aggression:

“And fight in the way of Allah with those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits.”

Qur’an 2:190

“Except those who reach a people between whom and you there is an alliance, or who come to you, their hearts shrinking from fighting you or fighting their own people; and if Allah had pleased, He would have given them power over you, so that they should have certainly fought you; therefore if they withdraw from you and do not fight you and offer you peace, then Allah has not given you a way against them.”

Qur’an 4:90

“And if they incline to peace, then incline to it and trust in Allah; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing.”

Qur’an 8:61

Allah (swt) encourages forgiveness and modesty:

“And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking towards you, yet they do not see. Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn aside from the ignorant.”

Qur’an 7:198-199

“And the servants of the Beneficent Allah are they who walk on the earth in humbleness, and when the ignorant address them, they say: Peace.”

Qur’an 25:63

“And they who when they spend, are neither extravagant nor parsimonious, and (keep) between these the just mean.”

Qur’an 25:67

“So that you may not grieve for what has escaped you, nor be exultant at what He has given you; and Allah does not love any arrogant boaster: Those who are niggardly and enjoin niggardliness on men; and whoever turns back, then surely Allah is He Who is the Selfsufficient, the Praised.”

Qur'an 57:23-24

Allah (swt) discourages profit-seeking and selfishness:

“Say: I do not ask you aught in return except that he who will, may take the way to his Lord.”

Qur’an 25:57

“Those who swallow down usury cannot arise except as one whom Shaitan has prostrated by (his) touch does rise. That is because they say, trading is only like usury; and Allah has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists, he shall have what has already passed, and his affair is in the hands of Allah; and whoever returns (to it)-- these are the inmates of the fire; they shall abide in it.”

Qur’ran 2:275

“And if (the debtor) is in straitness, then let there be postponement until (he is in) ease; and that you remit (it) as alms is better for you, if you knew.”

Qur’an 2:280

Allah (swt) forbids both murder and adultery:

“And they who do not call upon another god with Allah and do not slay the soul, which Allah has forbidden except in the requirements of justice, and (who) do not commit fornication and he who does this shall find a requital of sin;”

Qur’an 25:68

“For this reason did We prescribe to the children of Israel that whoever slays a soul, unless it be for manslaughter or for mischief in the land, it is as though he slew all men; and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept alive all men; and certainly Our messengers came to them with clear arguments, but even after that many of them certainly act extravagantly in the land.”

Qur’an 5:32

Allah (swt) forgives those who repent:

“Except him who repents and believes and does a good deed; so these are they of whom Allah changes the evil deeds to good ones; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.’

Qur’an 25:70

“(Punish the criminals) Except for those who repent before they fall into your power: in that case, know that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.”

Allah (swt) forbids lying:

“And they who do not bear witness to what is false, and when they pass by what is vain, they pass by nobly.”

Qur’an 25:72

Allah (swt) encourages patience (in doing good):

“These shall be rewarded with high places because they were patient, and shall be met therein with greetings and salutations.”

Qur’an 25:75

Allah (swt) encourages good and forbids evil:

“Surely Allah is with those who guard (against evil) and those who do good.”

Qur’an 16:128

Allah (swt) says that consent for marriage is required from both parties:

“...do not prevent them from marrying their husbands when they agree among themselves in a lawful manner.”

Marriage is a “firm covenant”:

“And how can you take it (dowry) when one of you has already gone in to the other and they have made with you a firm covenant?”

Qur’an 4:21

Marriage is not to be taken lightly and divorce should be thought over for four months:

“Divorce may be (pronounced) twice, then keep (them) in good fellowship or let (them) go with kindness; and it is not lawful for you to take any part of what you have given them, unless both fear that they cannot keep within the limits of Allah; then if you fear that they cannot keep within the limits of Allah, there is no blame on them for what she gives up to become free thereby. These are the limits of Allah, so do not exceed them and whoever exceeds the limits of Allah these it is that are the unjust.”

Qur’an 2:229

“Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months; so if they go back, then Allah is surely Forgiving, Merciful. And if they have resolved on a divorce, then Allah is surely Hearing, Knowing.

Qur’an 2:226-227

Allah (swt) gives women equal rights and expects husbands to respect them and treat them with kindness (and not to preconceive or jump to decisions):

“O you who believe! it is not lawful for you that you should take women as heritage against (their) will, and do not straiten them in order that you may take part of what you have given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency, and treat them kindly; then if you hate them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it.”

Qur’an 4:19

“And they have rights similar (i.e. the like of) to those against them in a just manner...”

Qur’an 2:228

Women can divorce their husbands where and when cohabitation is difficult:

“...do not retain them for injury...”

Qur’an 2:231

“And if a woman fears ill usage or desertion on the part of her husband, there is no blame on them, if they effect a reconciliation between them, and reconciliation is better, and avarice has been made to be present in the (people's) minds; and if you do good (to others) and guard (against evil), then surely Allah is aware of what you do.”

Qur'an 4:128

Allah (swt) permits polygamy only under extreme circumstances:

“And if you fear that you cannot act equitably towards orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you, two and three and four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not deviate from the right course.”

Qur’an 4:3

Allah (swt) promotes charity and equal distribution of wealth:

“They ask you as to what they should spend. Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatever good you do, Allah surely knows it.”

Qur’an 2:215

“They ask you about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both of them there is a great sin and means of profit for men, and their sin is greater than their profit. And they ask you as to what they should spend. Say: What you can spare. Thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, that you may ponder.”

Qur’an 2:219

“Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance from Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise.”

Qur’an 9:60

“(As for) those who spend their property in the way of Allah, then do not follow up what they have spent with reproach or injury, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve. Kind speech and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury; and Allah is Self-sufficient, Forbearing.”

Qur’an 2:262-263

Allah (swt) states that there is no compulsion in religion (i.e. no-one can compel another to convert or restrict their rights because of religion):

‘There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.”

Qur’an 2:256

“And say: The truth is from your Lord, so let him who please believe, and let him who please disbelieve; surely We have prepared for the iniquitous a fire...”

Qur’an 18:29

“And if your Lord had pleased, surely all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them; will you then force men till they become believers?”

Qur’an 10:99

“Therefore do remind, for you are only a reminder. You are not a watcher over them.”

Qur’an 88:21-22

“Say: O unbelievers! I do not serve that which you serve, nor do you serve Him Whom I serve: nor am I going to serve that which you serve: nor are you going to serve Him Whom I serve: you shall have your religion and I shall have my religion.”

Qur’an 109:1-6

“Say: Every one acts according to his manner; but your Lord best knows who is best guided in the path.”

Qur’an 18:84

Allah (swt) knows what is in the heart and is not unjust:

“And guard yourselves against a day in which you shall be returned to Allah; then every soul shall be paid back in full what it has earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.”

Qur’an 2:281

“On that day men shall come forth in sundry bodies that they may be shown their works. So, he who has done an atom's weight of good shall see it, and he who has done an atom's weight of evil shall see it.”

Qur’an 99:6-8

Allah (swt) allows Muslims to defend their society and their laws:

“And fight in the way of Allah with those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits.”

Qur’an 2:190

“And if they break their oaths after their agreement and (openly) revile your religion, then fight the leaders of unbelief-- surely their oaths are nothing-- so that they may desist. What! will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Messenger, and they attacked you first; do you fear them? But Allah is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.”

Qur’an 9:12-13

“Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Messenger have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission and they are in a state of subjection.”

Qur’an 9:29

“Jizya” refers to the reparation to be paid by the defeated/surrendering party as compensation for provocation leading to wartime expenses. Various derivatives of the word are used throughout the Qur'an to mean "reward" or "recompense".

The above ayah is consistent with 2:190:

“They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords besides Allah...”

Qur’an 9:31

‘They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, and Allah will not consent save to perfect His light, though the unbelievers are averse.”

Qur’an 9:32

“O you who believe! indeed many of the doctors of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and turn (them) from Allah's way; and (as for) those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah's way, announce to them a painful chastisement,”

Qur’an 9:34

“...and fight the polytheists (idolaters) all together as they fight you all together; and know that Allah is with those who guard (against evil).”

Qur’an 9:36

Allah (swt) does not allow the killing of innocent people:

“O you who believe! when you go to war in Allah's way, make investigation, and do not say to any one who offers you peace: You are not a believer. Do you seek goods of this world's life! But with Allah there are abundant gains; you too were such before, then Allah conferred a benefit on you; therefore make investigation; surely Allah is aware of what you do.”

Qur’an 4:94

Common complaints:


“Allah (swt) says that disbelievers are the worst of creatures”:

Study the context of :

“This is for what your own hands have sent on before, and because Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants. In the manner of the people of Firon and those before them, they disbelieved in Allah's communications, therefore Allah destroyed them on account of their faults; surely Allah is strong, severe in requiting (evil). This is because Allah has never changed a favour which He has conferred upon a people until they change their own condition; and because Allah is Hearing, Knowing. In the manner of the people of Firon and those before them; they rejected the communications of their Lord, therefore We destroyed them on account of their faults and We drowned Firon's people, and they were all unjust. Surely the vilest of animals in Allah's sight are those who disbelieve, then they would not believe. Those with whom you make an agreement, then they break their agreement every time and they do not guard (against punishment). Therefore if you overtake them in fighting, then scatter by (making an example of) them those who are in their rear, that they may be mindful. And if you fear treachery on the part of a people, then throw back to them on terms of equality; surely Allah does not love the treacherous.”

Qur’an 8:51-58


“Surely those who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book and the polytheists shall be in the fire of hell, abiding therein; they are the worst of creatures.”

Qur’an 98:6

This refers to the hypocrites like in -36:

“Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.”

Qur'an 2:62

Study the context of 98:6

“Those who disbelieve among the People of the Scripture and the idolaters could not have left off (erring) till the clear proof came unto them, a messenger from Allah, reading purified pages containing correct scriptures. Nor were the People of the Scripture divided until after the clear proof came unto them. And they are ordered naught else than to serve Allah, keeping religion pure for Him, as men by nature upright, and to establish worship and to pay the poor-due. That is true religion. Lo! those who disbelieve, among the People of the Scripture and the idolaters, will abide in fire of hell. They are the worst of created beings. (And) lo! those who believe and do good works are the best of created beings.”

Qur’an 98:1-7


“You shall not find a people who believe in Allah and the latter day befriending those who act IN OPPOSITION to Allah and His Messenger.”

Qur’an 58:22


“The Qur’an does not allow friendships between Muslims and non-Muslims.”

Please read:



There is a claim that 65:4 allows pre-pubescent marriage:

“And (as for) those of your women who have despaired of menstruation, if you have a doubt, their prescribed time shall be three months, and of those too who have not had their courses; and (as for) the pregnant women, their prescribed time is that they lay down their burden; and whoever is careful of (his duty to) Allah He will make easy for him his affair.”

Qur’an 64:4

Nowhere does this mention pre-pubescence. The context concerns the waiting period for divorce. It simply refers to those women who have not yet had their courses since the waiting period began.

Here is the proof:

“And test the orphans until they attain the AGE OF MARRIAGE; then if you find in them MATURITY OF INTELLECT, make over to them their property, and do not consume it extravagantly and hastily, lest they attain to full age; and whoever is rich, let him abstain altogether, and whoever is poor, let him eat reasonably; then when you make over to them their property, call witnesses in their presence; and Allah is enough as a Reckoner.”

Qur’an 4:6

So the age of marriage is one in which it is expected that a person have sound judgement (in general and not just consent). Does the Qur’an ever mention marriage between man and girl etc? It is between men and women (i.e those who have attained puberty).


“Your wives are a tilth for you, so go into your tilth when you like, and do good beforehand for yourselves, and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that you will meet Him, and give good news to the believers.”

Qur’an 2:223

Wisdom of “Tilth” -

Commentary by Yusuf Ali:

“Sex is not a thing to be ashamed of, or to be treated lightly, or to be indulged to the excess. It is as solemn a fact as any in life. It is compared to as husbandman’s tilth; it is a serious affair to him; he sows the seed in order to reap the harvest. But he chooses his own time and mode of cultivation. He does not sow out of season nor cultivate in a manner which will injure or exhaust the soil. He is wise and considerate and does not run riot. Coming from the simile to human beings, every kind of mutual consideration is required , but above all, we must remember that even in these matters there is a spiritual aspect. We must never forget our souls, and that we are responsible to Allah.”

Women are to be treated respectfully and equally with the husband:

“And if a woman fears ill usage or desertion on the part of her husband, there is no blame on them, if they effect a reconciliation between them, and reconciliation is better, and avarice has been made to be present in the (people's) minds; and if you do good (to others) and guard (against evil), then surely Allah is aware of what you do.”

Qur'an 4:128


“The Qur’an allows wife-beating.”

“Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others (in strength) and because they spend out of their property; the good women are therefore obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded; and (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave them alone in the sleeping-places and beat them; then if they obey you, do not seek a way against them; surely Allah is High, Great.”

Qur’an 4:34

The Arabic word used in is “idribuhunna”, derived from “daraba” which conveys “beat”. Arabic words derived from the word “daraba” do not necessarily mean “hit”; the word “idribuhunna” could quite well mean to “leave” them. It is exactly like telling someone to “beat it” or “drop it” in English.

The word “daraba” is used :

“Have you not considered how Allah sets (daraba) forth a parable of a good word (being) like a good tree, whose root is firm and whose branches are in heaven…”

“Daraba” means here “give an example”. If I say in Arabic “daraba laka mathal”, it means “give you an example”.

The word “darabtum” (derived from “daraba”) is used in 4:94 to mean “go abroad”:

“O you who believe! when you go abroad (darabtum)in Allah's way, make investigation, and do not say to any one who offers you peace: You are not a believer. Do you seek goods of this world's life! But with Allah there are abundant gains; you too were such before, then Allah conferred a benefit on you; therefore make investigation; surely Allah is aware of what you do.”

Qur’an 4:94

Hence “daraba” literally means “beat”, “go abroad” or “give”, but not in the sense to give something by hand, but rather to give or provide an example.

Note how in chapter (Surah) 4 there is used “daraba” ( and “darabtum” (4:94), which are both derived from the same root. The words are in the same Surah, indicating that “daraba” in means to desert or leave since that is what its derived word conveys in 4:94.


“The Qur’an allows women half as much inheritance as men.”

This applies only if the deceased has left no will:

“Bequest is prescribed for you when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth for parents and near relatives, according to usage, a duty (incumbent) upon those who guard (against evil). Whoever then alters it after he has heard it, the sin of it then is only upon those who alter it; surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing. But he who fears an inclination to a wrong course or an act of disobedience on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”

Qur’an 2:180-182


“And (as for) the man who steals and the woman who steals, cut off their hands as a punishment for what they have earned, an exemplary punishment from Allah; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.”

Qur’an 5:38

The verb form translated as “cut off” comes from the root verb QaTa’a. It is employed often in the Qur’an and in the vast majority of cases it means to “sever a relationship” or to “end an act”. Only in two instances ( and ) is this verb used to describe a physical severing (although in 69:46 it may be interpreted this way). A related form of this verb (implying repetition or severity of action) occurs in the Qur’an seventeen times. This particular form is used to mean physically cutting off, as a metaphor for the severing of a relationship or to describe physically cutting or marking (but not cutting off).

Thus the Qur’an provides a range of penalties depending on the circumstances of the case. These include the marking of the person’s hand, cutting the person’s hand or “cutting off the means” of the person through imprisonment etc. Note, for instance, that a Muslim society cannot punish a hungry person for stealing food since letting a member of the society go hungry is a bigger crime than the act of stealing food. Such a society demonstrates the characteristics of a lack of appreciation (see 107:1-7; 89:17-20; and 90:6-20). Considering theft solely as an individual crime and advocating the severest possible interpretation of the Qur’an is neither fair nor consistent with the scripture.



It is clear that any people or society which does not provoke or prevent people from becoming Muslim is not to be seen as “fighting” Islam. In the end, Muslims have the right to assemble and to pursue the values making up their way of life.

Thankyou for taking the time to read this.